Taggarkiv: open innovation

09
Feb | 17:20

Open Innovation Policy Workshop

Open Innovation has been on the rise for a long time but can be hard to find in current innovation policy. A number of European practitioners and researchers met up to share experiences and learn what opportunities there are for new policy in Open Innovation. This is a summary of parts of that workshop. A next meetup is planned for summer 2017.

Detta inlägg skrivs på engelska för att också kunna spridas bland deltagarna på detta möte om offentlig strategi (policy) inom området öppen innovation.

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

The New Innovation Policy Workshop took place at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, hosted by Prof. Dietmar Harhoff. The aim was to share experiences from user innovation policy initiatives among policy-makers and researchers. The workshop is about novel approaches to innovation policy, and includes, for example, how individual users and households, as important sources of innovation, can be part of innovation policy.

A number of countries already have experience from specific policy on open and user innovation.


 Short interview with the workshop host.

Denmark is a forerunner when it comes to a national initiative for user-driven innovation (UDI). Their work began to shape as early as 2004 and identified this topic as a key policy to stimulate innovation and growth. A programme for UDI was established in 2007 as a part of the overall Danish Globalization Strategy. It was a government initiative to stimulate R&D, innovation and growth in Danish firms. It was an effort with substantial budget, roughly 500 million DKK if you sum up a number of related initiatives.

The Danish User Driven agenda as a timeline. Click image for PDF.

The Danish User Driven agenda as a timeline. Click image for PDF.

Quite soon, the programme, and the projects it funded, received public criticism. The previous strong political support waned and the programme was terminated prematurely in 2009. Some say a lack of clear definition and (too) many involved stakeholders, in combination with being the first mover, could explain some of the critisism. The funded projects were of a kind that did not necessarily scale well and this did not meet everyone’s expectations. In addition, some of the important aims of the programme got lost in translating it into an actual funding instrument.

In this context, we need to mention another forerunner country: Finland and their 2010 action plan on Demand and User-driven Innovation Policy. It’s a comprehensive document well worth reading. The document has a number of policy contributions: it clarifies the difference between user and producer innovation, provides a definition of user innovation, indicates the level of user innovation activity, and explains some of the policy barriers and outlines possible policy actions. We might return to the Finnish experiences later.

Open Innovation Strategy for Austria (PDF)

Open Innovation Strategy for Austria (PDF)

A very recent and interesting initiative is the Austrian Open Innovation Strategy, with the aim to increase the innovation system’s performance/efficiency. It mentions three core objectives:

  • Open up, broaden and further develop the Austrian research and innovation system (e.g. new sources of innovation, networking capabilities)
  • Increase the involvement of citizens (users) in generating innovation
  • Increase the efficiency and orientation to results of the Austrian innovation system (e.g. innovative forms of knowledge transfer in both directions)

The strategy contains 14 areas/activities where open innovation can be applied – they consists of concrete proposals. Austria was also influenced by and made use of research findings of relevance to user innovation. Several of the proposals target the barriers that prevent/block bottom-up innovation.

The strategy is grounded at a the ministry level and the process involved the secretary of state. The strategy has not its own budget but is integrated into existing innovation programs or tries to influence the development of new programmes. Examples of launched pilots are: (1) a digital platform for agencies to post problems and for companies to come up with possible solutions (crowdsourcing and innovation procurement), (2) the involvement of citizens in the selection of research areas within medicine (crowdsourcing of health problems, validated by experts, and call for proposals).


The Austrian strategy was developed with the help of the winnovation company.

What is also new (or rare) is the way the strategy was developed. A platform https://www.openinnovation.at/ provided the opportunity for anyone to contribute to the strategy. Close to 500 stakeholders provided comments and further contributions.

Im Zuge der Online-Konsultation von 18.1. bis 14.3.2016 haben 452 Personen an der Diskussion zur Definition von Open Innovation und zu den vorgeschlagenen Maßnahmen zur Förderung von Open Innovation in Österreich teilgenommen und dabei 532 Kommentare und 1069 Bewertungen abgegeben – allesamt sehr ausführliche und lesenswerte Beiträge.

The aim is to continue the work on sharing experiences from open and user-driven innovation policy. The current plan is to collect more evidence and present or discuss further at the 15th International Open and User Innovation Conference, held from 10-12 July 2017 at the University of Innsbruck, Austria.

 

25
Sep | 06:42

Open source entrepreneurship

”They are sorta like frat houses for geeks.” beskriver Polaris Ventures sin satsning Dogpatch Labs, lokaler för entreprenörer i Palo Alto, New York, Cambridge (Boston), Europa (Dublin).

Det har i urminnes tider funnits klusterbildningar bland företagare. Men just nu pågår en trend att samlokalisera i samma byggnad; the Factory (Berlin), Blackbox mansion (Mountain View), fem-våningshus i Gamla Stan (Stockholm) etc. Det finns även företagshotell som drivs av att nätverka och kunskapsöverföring, ett exempel är PARISOMA i San Francisco som systerbloggen rapporterade om.

Dogpatch Labs beskriver denna företeelse som att dessa entreprenörer arbetar på samma sätt som när öppen källkod skapas:

”But we are much more than a physical space — we are a community of like minded entrepreneurs who share a spirit of “open source entrepreneurship,” the idea that, particularly at the very earliest of stages, we all benefit by fostering connection points between and amongst entrepreneurs and startups. Whether it is sharing space, sharing ideas, sharing referrals, networking, or just hanging out, we all thrive on the flow of ideas, people and relationships.”

Flygindustrin startade i en liknande kultur som Dogpatch Labs beskriver, se Stockholm School of Entrepreneurships brown-bag seminarium ”The Airplane as an Open Source Invention”. De första 40 åren, innan bröderna Wright kom upp med sin berömda design, så delade man idéer och hjälptes åt för att lyckas gå emot gravitationen. På 70-talet i Silicon Valley så var Homebrew personal computer club också en ställe där entusiaster delade med sig av sina erfarenheter, och det spelade en viktig roll i utvecklingen av persondatorindustrin.

Kanske trenden av ökad samlokalisering är ett tecken på att en ny industri föds just nu, eller är det många olika industrier som föds?

 

27
Aug | 10:54

Obama har 18 innovations-kompisar

Vita husets program Innovation Fellows går ut på att bjuda in medborgare att skapa lösningar inom ett fem utvalda områden. Man kan se det som en variant av öppen innovation eller kanske det populära konceptet ”in residence”. Man har från 700 sökande nu valt ut 18 s.k. ”fellows” som under 6 månader praktiskt ska jobba med att ta fram lösningar.

US Chief Technology Officer Todd Park announced the first class of “Presidential Innovation Fellows” today. Selected from an applicant pool of nearly 700 innovators from across the country, the 18  “Fellows” have agreed to spend six months in Washington to work on five high-impact projects aimed at supporting entrepreneurs, small businesses and the economy, while significantly improving how the Federal Government serves the American people.

Det är ett spännande initiativ som vi ska följa noga. Det är också intressant att se att deras CTO Todd Park är imponerande slagkraftig och får igenom så nyskapande idéer. Projekten ska vara högt prioriterade och ges synlighet – alla har redan en twitterhandtag. Bara en sådan liten sak.

16
Aug | 11:47

Vi betalar dig $60,000 om du lyckas bryta dig in

Chrome

Inom öppen innovation talas det om sätt att få hjälp av aktörer utanför den egna organisationen. Det finns många olika sätt att engagera andra, men frågan är inte om att betala någon för att bryta sig in tar priset.

Det är Google som har ett program de kallar cash-for-security-bugs och de är redo att betala upp till 2 miljoner dollar för att identifiera allvarliga fel i deras webbläsare.
This time, we’ll be sponsoring up to $2 million worth of rewards at the following reward levels:

  • $60,000: “Full Chrome exploit”: Chrome / Win7 local OS user account persistence using only bugs in Chrome itself.
  • $50,000: “Partial Chrome exploit”: Chrome / Win7 local OS user account persistence using at least one bug in Chrome itself, plus other bugs. For example, a WebKit bug combined with a Windows kernel bug.
  • $40,000: “Non-Chrome exploit”: Flash / Windows / other. Chrome / Win7 local OS user account persistence that does not use bugs in Chrome. For example, bugs in one or more of Flash, Windows or a driver.
  • $Panel decision: “Incomplete exploit”: An exploit that is not reliable, or an incomplete exploit chain. For example, code execution inside the sandbox but no sandbox escape; or a working sandbox escape in isolation. For Pwnium 2, we want to reward people who get “part way” as we could definitely learn from this work. Our rewards panel will judge any such works as generously as we can.

 

 

27
Jun | 07:28

Hands off my Bike!

I England har NESTA en spännande utmaning, som påminner lite om reportaget som Svenska Dagbladet gjorde kring säsongsrelaterade stölder. SvD låste en normal cykel i Stockholm city, dock med en GPS-sändare gömd inne ramen. Det tog tre dagar innan cykel blev stulen. Sedan kunde man följa cykelns väg på en karta. Frågan är dock – vad kan man göra för att det inte ska vara såhär?

NESTA lanserar nu en utmaning på just detta tema. De söker bästa idéerna på hur man kan motverka dessa stölder. Det är ett omfattande problem, med en stulen cykel i minuten!

Bikes have always been targets for thieves. Cyclists are more likely to have their bikes stolen than motorcyclists or car owners. Last year over 500,000 bikes were stolen in the UK (one each minute), with a recovery rate of under 5 per cent. It has been estimated that of the 17 per cent of cyclists that experience bicycle theft, 66 per cent cycle less often and 24 per cent stop altogether.

The Hands Off My Bike Challenge Prize is calling on people from all over the UK to come up with breakthrough innovations to make it more difficult to steal bikes and have the potential to increase numbers of people cycling in the UK.

The winning innovation will be the one that requires the longest time to steal the bike. The innovation will be also judged on the impact on the environment, cost and potential for commercialisation and/or implementation at scale.

The winner will receive a prize of £50,000.

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